The core component of a database is a table. Data is defined and stored in a table. Multiple tables—each consisting of different types of data—can be created in a database.
Each row in the database is called a record. The entry for John Smith is called a record. The entry for Martha Tompkins is also a record. Each row or record is made up of columns or fields—L.Name, F.Name, Phone, Address, City, State, and Zip—which contain a particular piece of information.
|Smith||John||919.555.6320||100 Paramount Parkway||Morrisville||NC||27560|
|Tompkins||Martha||919.555.6427||97 Hummingbird Court||Cary||NC||27513|
In a contact management database, a list of names—contacts to whom you have sent resumes or have met through your personal network—might be maintained in a table, along with addresses, phone numbers, and other personal information.