Data: This is information such as numbers, text, date and time, and currency.
Database: A database is a collection of an organization's data that is organized into one or more tables. Access lets you organize information in separate manageable units. Linked—or related—tables allow you to extract information based on certain criteria. Tables are linked by a common column (key).
Example: The Great Lake Elementary School Database stores information (data) necessary for operating an elementary school. This information may include but is not limited to teacher information and student information.