Formatting Forms

Learn all about formatting Access forms to make your Access database look more professional, consistent, and user friendly.

Introduction

Access 2010

After creating a form, you might want to modify its appearance. Formatting your forms can help make your database look consistent and professional. Some formatting changes can even make your forms easier to use. With Access 2010's formatting tools, you can customize your forms to look exactly the way you want.

In this lesson, you will learn how to add command buttons, modify form layouts, add logos and other images, and change form colors and fonts.

We will be showing you how to modify forms with examples from our sample bakery database. If you would like to follow along, download our example and use it to follow the procedures demonstrated in this lesson.

Formatting forms

Video: Formatting Forms in Access 2010

Launch video!Watch the video (3:54).

Access offers many options that let you make your forms look exactly the way you want. While some of these options—like command buttons—are unique to forms, others may be familiar to you.

Command buttons

If you want to create a way for users of your form to quickly perform specific actions and tasks, consider adding command buttons. When you create a command button, you specify an action for it to carry out when clicked. By including commands for common tasks right in your form, you're making the form easier to use.

Access offers many different types of command buttons, but they can be divided into a few main categories:

To add a command button to a form:

  1. In Form Layout view, select the Form Layout Tools Design tab and locate the Controls group.
  2. Select the Button command.
    The Button commandThe Button command
  3. Your cursor will turn into a tiny crosshairs with a button icon . Place it in the spot where you want your command button to be, then click.
    Placing the new command buttonPlacing the new command button
  4. The Command Button Wizard will appear. In the Categories pane, select the category of button you want to add. We want to find a way to move more quickly to specific records, so we'll choose the Record Navigation category.
  5. The list in the Actions pane will update to reflect your chosen category. Select the action you want the button to perform, then click Next. For our example, we'll choose Find Record.
    Selecting the type of command buttom to createSelecting the type of command button to create
  6. You can now decide whether you want your button to include text or a picture. A live preview of your button appears on the left.
    • To include text, select the Text option, then type the desired word or phrase into the text box.
      Adding text to the command buttonAdding text to the command button
    • To include a picture, select the Picture option. You can decide to keep the default picture for that command button, or you can select another picture. Click Show All Pictures to choose from another command button icon or Browse... to choose a picture from your computer.
      Using a picture in the command buttonUsing a picture in the command button
  7. When you are satisfied with the appearance of your command button, click Next.
  8. Type a name for the button. This name won't appear on the button, but knowing the name will help you quickly identify the button if you ever want to modify it with the Property Sheet. After typing the button name, click Finish.
    Typing a name for the buttonTyping a name for the button
  9. Switch to Form view to test the new button. Our Find Record button opens the Find and Replace dialog box.
    Testing the command buttonTesting the command button

Some users report that Access malfunctions while formatting forms. If you have a problem performing any of these tasks in Layout view, try switching to Design view.

Modifying form layout

When you create a form, Access arranges the form components in a default layout where the fields are neatly stacked on top of each other, all exactly the same width. While this layout is functional, you might find that it doesn't fit your information in the best way. For instance, in the form below, most of the fields are almost completely empty because the data stored there doesn't take up much room.

A form with the default layoutA form with the default layout

The form would fit the data a little better if we made the fields and command buttons smaller, and if we put some of them side by side. However, with the default layout you won't be able to put two fields next to each other or resize one field or button without resizing all of them. This is because Access lines up form components in rows and columns. When you resize a field, you're really resizing the column that contains it.

All of the selected fields are contained in one columnAll of the selected fields are contained in one column, making it impossible to resize just one

To resize and rearrange our fields the way we want, we'll have to modify the form layout. For instance, because the default layout for our form contains only two columns—one for the field labels and another for the fields—we would have to create a new column to put two fields side by side.

We can do this using the command on the Arrange tab, which contains all of the tools you need to customize your form's layout. If you've ever built and modified tables in Microsoft Word, you already know how to use most of these tools. If you're unfamiliar with tables, you can review our Working with Tables lesson from our Word 2010 tutorial.

The commands on the Arrange tabThe commands on the Arrange tab

To resize form components:

  1. Switch to Layout view.
    Switching to Layout ViewSwitching to Layout View
  2. Select the field or button you want to resize, and hover your mouse over the edge. Your cursor will become a double-sided arrow .
    Clicking the edge of a field to resize itClicking the edge of a field to resize it
  3. Click and drag the edge to resize, and release when the field or button is the desired size.
    Resizing the fieldResizing the field
  4. The field or button—as well as every other item in line with it—will be resized.
    The resized fieldsThe resized fields

To move form components:

  1. If necessary, add columns or rows to make room for the field or button you want to move by using the Insert commands in the Rows & Columns group.

    In our example, we want to move the Last Name field to the right of the First Name field, so we'll have to create two new columns to the right: one for the field label, and one for the field itself. To do this, we'll click the Insert Right command twice.
    Inserting a new columnInserting a new column
  2. Click and drag the field or button to its new location. If you're moving a field, make sure to move the field label as well.
    Moving the fieldMoving the field
  3. Repeat steps one and two with any other fields or buttons you want to move.
    Many fields have been movedMany fields have been moved

If you want to make a field take up more or less space than one column, you can use the Merge and Split commands. The Merge command combines two or more cells, while the Split command divides a cell.

Fields in merged and split cellsFields in merged and split cells

More formatting options

Adding logos and other images to your forms can greatly improve their appearance, as can applying theme colors and fonts. To learn how to add images and theme elements to your forms, review our instructions for formatting reports in our Advanced Report Options lesson. The procedures are identical.

A form with an image and theme colorsA form with an image and theme colors

Modifying the colors and fonts of form components

To further customize the appearance of your forms, you can apply different colors and fonts to individual fields, buttons, labels, and other form components. Modifying form appearance this way is useful if you want to use a certain color or font scheme in a form but don't want these design elements to apply to your entire database.

For instance, in the form below we modified the font of our form title. We also applied a new fill and border color to the form fields and are doing the same with the command buttons.

Making additional modifications with tools on the Format tabMaking additional modifications with tools on the Format tab

You can make these changes using formatting techniques and tools similar to the ones you would use to modify shapes in Word and other Office programs. Simply select the object you want to modify while in Layout or Design view and use the formatting options on the Format tab to customize its appearance. For more information on making these types of modifications, review our Working with Shapes lesson from our Word 2010 tutorial.

Challenge!

  1. If you haven't already, download our sample database and open it.
  2. Open the Order Items form.
  3. Add a command button that creates a new record.
  4. Format the newly added command button with the colors and style of your choosing.
  5. Change the theme colors and theme fonts.
  6. Add a logo.