Modifying Tables

Modifying Access tables is simple. Use these tips to modify tables in Access to suit your database's needs.

Advanced field options

On the previous page, you learned about setting the data type for new fields. When you set field data type, you are really setting a rule for that field. Databases often include rules because they help ensure users enter the correct type of data.

Why is this important? Computers aren't as smart as humans about certain things. While you might recognize that two and 2 or NC and North Carolina are the same thing, Access will not and therefore won't group these things together. Making sure to enter your data in a standard format will help you better organize, count, and understand it.

Rules can also determine which options you have for working with your data. For example, you can only do math with data entered in number or currency fields, and you can only format text entered into text fields.

There are three main types of rules you can set for a field: data type, character limit, and validation rules.

To change the data type for existing fields:

  1. Select the field whose data type you want to change.
  2. Select the Fields tab, then locate the Formatting group. Click the Data Type drop-down arrow.
    Screenshot of Access 2013Clicking the Data Type drop-down arrow
  3. Select the desired data type.
    Screenshot of Access 2013Selecting a new field data type
  4. The field data type will be changed. Depending on the data type you chose, you may notice changes to your information. For instance, because we set the data type for the Email field to Hyperlink all of the email addresses in the field are now clickable links.
    Screenshot of Access 2013All of the entries formatted as hyperlinks

You shouldn't change field data type unless you are certain your field data is in the correct format for the new data type. Changing a field containing only text to the Number type, for instance, will delete all of your field data. This process is often irreversible.