Keyboard Shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts can make you feel smart, but they can also help you get work done faster and more efficiently. Learn how to use them here.

Mac shortcuts

Many of the keyboard shortcuts for Mac OS X are similar to Windows shortcuts. However, instead of the Ctrl and Alt keys, Mac keyboards have Control, Option, and Command keys.

Photo of left side of Mac keyboardControl, Option, and Command keys on Mac keyboard

If you are not using a Mac keyboard, you may not have the Command or Option keys. You will need to experiment with key combinations to perform some keyboard shortcuts.

Working with text

These keyboard shortcuts are useful when working with text in word processor, email, and social media applications (like Twitter). They can help you perform commonly repeated tasks like copying and pasting or bolding text.

Working with files and applications

You can use keyboard shortcuts to open, close, and switch applications in Finder and from your desktop. When working with a file (like a Microsoft Word document), shortcuts can be used to create new files, find words, and print.

Internet shortcuts

These shortcuts are designed for navigating your web browser. Many of the Working with Text shortcuts are also useful online, like the shortcuts for selecting, copying, and pasting text into your web browser’s address bar. Because each web browser is different, some of these shortcuts may vary in their effectiveness.

Open a word processor like Microsoft Word or TextEdit, and type a few lines of text. Try using keyboard shortcuts to perform the following tasks:

  1. Select a few of the words. Bold the selected text.
  2. Undo the text editing, and italicize the selected words instead.
  3. Find a word or phrase in the document.
  4. Save the document.
  5. Close the application.

If you are unable to add formatting in TextEdit, then go to the Format menu and select Make Rich Text.

Try using keyboard shortcuts to perform the following tasks in your web browser.

  1. Open a new web browser window.
  2. Move through the webpage to the address bar.
  3. Type the address of a webpage of your choice. For example, type
  4. Scroll to the bottom of the page, then scroll back to the top of the page.
  5. Add the webpage to your bookmarks.
  6. Copy the web address.
  7. Open a new web browser tab, and paste the copied link into the address bar.
  8. Close the web browser.